"This is probably one of the most dangerous things facing mankind today: A use and training of intelligence excluding moral sensitivity."
Kenneth B. Clark (1914–2005)
LLD 1970 (hon.)
Mamie Phipps Clark (1917–83)
The research of Kenneth and Mamie Phipps Clark challenged the notion of differences in the mental abilities of black and white children and so played an important role in the desegregation of American schools. In 1946, the Clarks founded the Northside Center for Child Development in Harlem, where they conducted experiments on racial biases in education. Their findings were presented at school desegregation trials in Virginia, South Carolina, and Delaware. In 1954, in a famous footnote, those findings were cited in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kan., the landmark Supreme Court decision that ruled public-school segregation unconstitutional.