Columbians Ahead of Their Time
 John Erskine
John Erskine "Opinion is that exercise of the human will which helps us to make a decision without information."

John Erskine (1896–1954)
Literary scholar
PhD 1903
Faculty 1909-37
LittD 1929 (hon.)

In the early decades of the last century, Erskine's conception of a General Honors course in classic texts spawned the Colloquium on Important Books and later Humanities A. Though he never taught in a freshman core course, Erskine's influence on general education courses extended beyond the College to affect all of American education. Erskine published his first poem at the age of 21, but his literary career didn't take off until the publication of the novel The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1925). He also published important essays, criticism, and two volumes of autobiography. An accomplished composer and musician, Erskine served as the first president of the Juilliard School of Music from 1928 to 1937, was a director of the Metropolitan Opera Association, and wrote several books on music.

As both a student and teacher, John Erskine's association with Columbia spanned nearly forty years. He received his bachelor's degree from Columbia in 1900, his master's degree the following year, and his doctorate in 1903. After teaching English at Amherst College, he returned to Columbia in 1909 as a professor of literature, a position he kept (except for a short stint teaching soldiers during World War I) until he left the University in 1937. Although he was a gifted teacher, Erskine seems to have lacked a traditional scholarly disposition. His flamboyance, eccentricities, and literary ambitions set him apart from most of his more staid colleagues at the College. Nevertheless, what he lacked in academic formality he made up in humanity and purpose. Erskine's expectations of a true education are embodied in the title of his most important essay, "The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent," and he infused his students with this zeal. His successful promotion of the General Honors course in 1920 was a pivotal event in twentieth-century American education.

Adapted from Timothy P. Cross, An Oasis of Order: The Core Curriculum at Columbia College (New York: Columbia College, Office of the Dean, 1995).

LIVING LEGACY

Erskine and the Core

THE GREAT BOOKS

A Columbia tradition

MARK VAN DOREN

Erskine's colleague

Write Columbia's History

Columbia's history, as seen by those who have studied, taught, and worked here.

Columbians Ahead of Their Time

Columbians have changed the world and how we see it.

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