"The judicial process is one of compromise between paradoxes, between certainty and uncertainty, between the literalism that is exaltation of the written word and the nihilism that is destructive of regularity and order."
Benjamin Nathan Cardozo (1870–1938)
Columbia College 1889; MA 1890; Law 1889-91; LLD 1915 (hon.)
Considered one of the great legal thinkers in American history, Cardozo was especially known as a spokesman on sociological jurisprudence and the relationship between law and social change. He exerted his wide influence from two prominent positions: first as a judge, and later chief judge, of the New York State Court of Appeals; then, from 1932 until his death, as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. There he joined with Louis D. Brandeis and Harlan Fiske Stone (1898 Law) to uphold early New Deal legislation. Cardozo expounded his philosophy of law and the judicial process in three classics of jurisprudence: The Nature of the Judicial Process (1921), The Growth of the Law (1924), and The Paradoxes of Legal Science (1928). The law school of Yeshiva University is named in his honor.