"Can a higher service be rendered mankind than is in our power to give?"
Anna Caroline Maxwell (1851–1929)
AM 1917 (hon.)
The founder of Columbia's School of Nursing, Maxwell dedicated her career to elevating the nursing profession's educational standards. During the Spanish-American War, she trained nurses to serve American troops at a Georgia field hospital, improving sanitary conditions and reducing the number of typhoid fatalities. During World War I, she prepared nurses for active military service and visited hospitals at the military front in Europe. Her efforts led to the establishment of the Army Corps of Nurses and the awarding of military rank to nurses. She also was honored by the French government for her wartime work.